- Municipal Court
- Court Procedures
This information has been prepared to help you understand the court proceedings and to inform you of your rights and duties. Misdemeanor criminal cases, which are ordinance violations for which the maximum fine, upon conviction, does not exceed $500 and/or 90 days in the county jail, are tried in Municipal Division. Trials are conducted under the rules set forth in the Missouri Revised Statutes and Rules of Evidence. For more information on the rules see the Office of State Courts Administrator.
- When Court Begins
- Plea of Guilty
- Plea of Guilty & Explanation
- Plea of Not Guilty
- The Trial
- Presenting the Case
- Court Costs
- Right to Appeal
- The Decision
The Judge will explain the rights in the Municipal Division/Court before he begins. If you have any questions, please wait. When your name is called, come forward and wait to be summoned before the Judge. The violations that you are alleged to have committed will be read and at that time you should be prepared to ask any questions or plead the following:
- Guilty with an explanation, or
- Not Guilty
Your decision on what plea to enter is the most important decision you will have to make. We suggest that you read explanations of your options before entering your plea. If you decide that you would like to seek the services of an attorney, please inform the Judge and you may be given time to do so.
By a plea of guilty, you admit that you committed the act charged, that the act is prohibited by law, and that you have no defense for your act. Before entering a plea of guilty, you need to understand the following:
- The City has the burden of proving its case against you. You have the right to hear the City’s evidence and to require it to prove its case. The law does not require you to prove anything.
- If you were involved in a traffic accident at the time of the alleged offense, your plea of guilty could be used later in a civil suit for damages as an admission by you that you were at fault or were the party responsible for the accident.
You are urged not to plead guilty if you do not feel that you are guilty.
This plea has the same effect as a plea of guilty, but says that you would like to explain to the Judge mitigating circumstances with respect to the punishment only. In both cases of a plea of guilty, a fine will be assessed. The mitigating circumstances explained to the Judge may or may not have an effect on the amount of the fine assessed.
A plea of not guilty means that you deny guilt and that the city must prove its charges against you. Your case will be set for trial and you will be given a date to appear. You will receive no other notice with regard to your trial date.
If you plea not guilty, you will need to decide whether to employ an attorney to represent you at trial. You may defend yourself, but no one else except an attorney may represent you.
At the time of the trial, the city will be required to prove all the allegations against you as contained in the formal complaint "beyond a reasonable doubt", before a verdict of guilty can be reached.
Under Missouri law, you can be brought to trial only after a complaint has been filed. The complaint is the document that alleges what you are supposed to have done, and that your action was unlawful.
- You have the constitutional right not to testify. If you choose not to testify, your refusal cannot and will not be used against you in determining your guilt or innocence. However, if you do choose to testify, the prosecutor will have the right to cross-examine you.
- You have the right to have the court issue subpoenas for witnesses to ensure their appearance at trial. However, you must furnish the names, addresses, and telephone numbers of these witnesses to the court as soon as possible so that they may be located and subpoenas served, at lease one week prior to the trial.
- You are entitled to hear all testimony introduced against you.
- You have the right to cross-examine any witness who testifies against you.
- You have the right to have your case tried before a jury if you desire.
- You have the right to inspect the complaint before trial, and have it read to you at trial.
- You have the right to testify in your own behalf.
- You may call witnesses to testify in your behalf.
As in all criminal trials, the City will present its case first by calling witnesses to testify against you. After each prosecution witness has finished testifying, you will have the right to cross-examine him or her. Your examination must be in the form of questions. This is not a time to make a statement and you must not argue with the witness. You will have an opportunity to make a statement later in the trial.
After the prosecution has presented its case, you may present your case. You have the right to call any witness who knows anything about the incident. You may testify in your own behalf, but cannot be compelled to do so. The verdict of the Judge will be based on the testimony, which sounds most reasonable, and on the facts presented during the trial. In making his determination, he will only consider the testimony of the witnesses who are under oath.
If the Judge finds you guilty, he will announce the penalty. You should be prepared to pay the fine at that time. You may request an extension of time to pay or an extension of ten days to appeal the ruling of the Judge. This Notice of Appeal must be filed with the Municipal Court Clerk within ten days after the verdict.
The facts and circumstances of the case affect the amount of fine assessed by the court. Mitigating circumstances may lower the fine. However, aggravating circumstances may increase the fine. In no case may the fine exceed $500.
All fines are due and payable the night of court and are deposited in the General Fund of the City of Lake Saint Louis.
If you are found guilty of an offense, court costs will be added to the fine. Court costs are required by state law and are remitted to the Finance Department for appropriate dispensations.
If you are not satisfied with the judgement (verdict) of this court, you have the right to appeal the verdict to the St. Charles County Circuit Court. If you file an appeal, you will be notified of a new court date and another judge will hear your case again in its entirety. You must file this appeal within ten days of the judgement. If the judgement is not appealed within ten days it becomes final and you must pay the fines and costs assessed by this Court.
The Judge will base his decision only on the State Law or City Ordinance involved and the facts as determined by the testimony and other evidence presented. When you testify, try to be fair and calm. Do not try to evade answering any questions.
Remember: The City is not always right; that is why we have courts. The defendant is not always right; that is why we have officers. The Court is not always right; that is why you have a right to appeal.